Photographer’s Patents for Event Photos Declared Invalid
While another form of intellectual property, patents are different than copyrights. In the United States, a patent is an intellectual property right granted by the government “to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the United States or importing the invention into the United States” for a limited time in exchange for public disclosure of the invention when the patent is granted.
There are three types of patents. Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture. Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant. Patents are important to protect the ideas of inventors, including such patent holders as Nikon and Canon.
Peter Wolf is the president of PhotoCrazy, a business engaged in the business of taking and providing event photographs for inspection, selection, and distribution via a computer network. In 2006 and 2011, Wolf obtained two patents for a “Process for Providing Event Photographs for Inspection, Solution and Distribution via a Computer Network” and one for “Advertising and Distribution Method for Event Photographs.” Wolf made claims against other photographers for infringing these patents, some of whom reportedly entered into licensing with Wolf. Wolf defended his right to do so on FredMiranda.com.
In December 2013, Wolf filed a lawsuit against Capstone Photography for being “engaged in the business of providing event photographs for inspection, selection and distribution via the Internet.” Wolf also contended that Capstone was “offering to provide selected digital photographs with visual advertiser indicia within the photograph field to race participants.” Wolf asserted that these activities constituted willful infringement of his three patents. A report of the case is available on wfsb.com.
Capstone decided to fight the claims rather than to obtain a license. Mike Skelps of Capstone launched a website, EndPatentAbuse.com, to explain his position and to seek donations.
In the lawsuit, Capstone filed a Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings, which, to the relief of many event photographers, the Court granted in its Order. In sum, the Court found that the patents were based on patent ineligible abstract ideas and lack an inventive concept that would make them patent eligible.
HT: Ken SheltonCheck Photo Attorney on Lynda.com, in the Lynda.com Article Center, and on Twitter!